Use public transport more
PETALING JAYA: The government will redouble its efforts to encourage people to make full use of public transport, especially in Greater Kuala Lumpur / Klang Valley.
In Malaysia’s 12th plan (12MP), he said the targeted 40% modal share could not be reached last year, citing the Covid-19 pandemic as one of the reasons.
He said several issues were identified during the 11th Malaysian Plan period (2016-2020), with poor first and last mile connectivity being one of the main reasons.
In chapter 12 of 12MP (Strengthening the efficiency of transport and logistics infrastructure), he said that salient issues that required concerted efforts were inadequate first and last mile connectivity (for public transport), an uncompetitive transport and logistics industry, as well as poor governance. the transport and logistics industry.
Public transport users continue to have a below-average commuting experience that includes ‘poor punctuality’, while transport operators struggle with the ‘lack of comprehensive management of travel demand’ which has affected l efficiency and reliability of public transport.
Describing the use of public transport as falling “below target”, authorities argue that reluctance to switch from private vehicles to public transport is in part due to the relatively low cost of car ownership.
“This is evidenced by the increase in the number of registered vehicles, by around 6% per year, from 20.2 million in 2010 to 30 million in 2018.
“The vehicle-to-population ratio, which stood at 0.9 in 2018, was one of the highest in the region,” he said, while highlighting the poor culture of public road maintenance .
“Whether implemented as a corrective or preventive measure, it remains a problem due to the lack of resources.
“The preference for corrective maintenance over scheduled maintenance made the problem worse.
“This leads to the deterioration of road conditions, thus limiting mobility and increasing the accident rate, while reducing the life of the roads and increasing long-term maintenance costs,” he said. .
He also said that during the 11MP, federal funding was only sufficient to cover 25% of total federal road maintenance needs.
“This indicates that there is still an unmet demand for road infrastructure due to resource constraints and other priorities,” he said.
For the logistics industry, major constraints include poor last mile connectivity for freight to major points of entry, inadequate facilities at ports and airports, as well as inefficient transport services.
“These lead to delays and damage to the goods, thus increasing the costs of handling and transport.
“Deployment of vessels by large freighters with a capacity greater than 20,000 TEU (20ft equivalent) poses a channel depth challenge in major ports such as Port Klang and Tanjung Pelepas (PTP) port” , did he declare. .
The 12MP said the main ports, namely Port Klang, PTP and Johor Port, have established their own port community systems.
“These systems help manage and facilitate the movement of goods and marine traffic. However, these systems are not integrated, which hinders the effective coordination and optimization of ports and logistics services, ”he said.
The government has agreed that putting more freight on the rail is the way forward for sustainability, leading to a lower carbon footprint as well as safer and smoother roads.
“The use of the current capacity of the railway (KTM Bhd) for the movement of goods was 30%.
“This was mainly due to the relatively higher cost of transporting goods by rail compared to roads,” he said.
As a result, the situation was further aggravated by the limited number of scheduled journeys for freight trains.
“As a result, only 1.6% of total land freight was transported by rail.
“Although there is a rail network in Port Klang, only 5% of freight movements use rail due to inefficient rail services and lack of door-to-door services.
“During peak periods, the northern and southern rail network is congested with priority given to passenger trains (such as ETS and KTM Komuter).
“Trucks were therefore preferred for transporting goods, which resulted in frequent heavy vehicle traffic and traffic jams on the roads connecting the ports,” he said.
In addition, there was an untapped potential for the use of rail for the transport of bulk goods, in particular for hazardous and hazardous materials.
Currently, these goods are transported by road, posing risks to other road users and the surrounding areas.
The 12MP also highlighted the lack of coordination between federal and state governments on issues such as public transport policy, planning and development.
“This hinders the optimization of infrastructure planning in various states. The lack of coordination in terms of tariffs, regulations and port facilities has resulted in unhealthy competition between ports, ”he said.
The National Logistics Working Group, which was established in 2015, lacks the capacity to oversee the implementation of the Logistics and Trade Facilitation Master Plan as well as to provide policy direction for it. logistics industry and aviation sector.
“Airport development is carried out without adequate planning due to the lack of a comprehensive master plan to define the strategic direction of airport development, which leads to underutilized terminal capacity at several airports,” said he added.